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The term cystocele may sound strange or unknown, but many women, unfortunately, know its meaning they must deal with this problem daily. In medical terms, cystocele is the fall of the urinary bladder in the vaginal canal by the weakening or rupture of the pelvic floor.

As the years pass, the set of muscles and tissues that support the uterus, vagina, bladder, urethra and rectum lose elasticity and can produce some dreams are welcome organ prolapse.

There are several factors contributing to pelvic floor deterioramento:

  • Complicated vaginal deliveries in which the perineum has been torn or has required the use of forceps, and multiple births.
  • Excessive pressure on the abdomen, for example, in cases of chronic constipation, chronic cough or some kind of continuous physical activity.
  • Decreased level of estrogen that occurs at menopause.
  • Lift weights regularly.
  • Have the tissues of the pelvis weak “, a situation that is more common in Asian and white women in black.


A cystocele can be mild, moderate or severe, depending on the degree of descent of the vagina. The most common symptoms are:

  • Pain or pressure in lower abdomen
  • Notice a lump in the genital area
  • Pain during sex
  • Pain in the sacro-lumbar
  • Constipation and urinary incontinence
  • All day to day condition of women and result in a lower quality of life. From the 45-50 years, with the onset of menopause, the percentage of women living conditioned by this type of discomfort is quite high. If you have had traumatic birth, symptoms appear younger.

Unfortunately, both urinary incontinence and the other symptoms have been taboo among many generations of women. Most do not dare to ask for information and chose to endure pain and discomfort as they could, as if there is solution.

Correction of cystocele surgery

Cystocele and other problems such as rectocele prolapse (falling of the rectum) or the descent of the uterus, can be treated and, in most cases successfully resolved with a pelvic floor sencillacirugía.

For years, this type of surgery has been performed preferably vaginally, practicing unahisterectomía, ie removing the uterus and arranging the structures that supported this body.

Research on the pelvic floor and technological advances in laparoscopy (surgery with the aid of a camera) are rapidly changing the treatment of these diseases, providing good results in restoring the anatomy of the pelvic floor and correction prolapse.

The procedure is performed vaginally basically correcting the descent of the bladder and repositioning it in its usual place. When there is an associated urinary incontinence can be in the same surgery placing small mesh under the urethra to restore bladder angle. The patient can be anesthetized from the waist down (epidural anesthesia) or under general anesthesia. As a minimally invasive surgery usually does not require spending more than 24 hours in the hospital.

Obviously, these techniques require experienced staff, so you must go to a medical center that has all the guarantees. After the intervention, women will enjoy new freedom for all kinds of activities and can again enjoy sex.


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